Launch & Range Technology

CCT Project Spotlight – Launch & Range Technology

Intelligent Launch and Range Operations Testbed
March 2002 – Cape Canaveral, FL

CCT and NASA have developed a concept and proto- type for an advanced “testbed” facility for investigating new space transportation operational concepts that could reduce operations cost and complexity of future launch vehicles. When complete, the testbed will pro- vide simulation and modeling tools for experimenting with physical, procedural, software, hardware, and psychological aspects of space flight operations. A mockup of a space flight operations control center, similar to NASA’s FutureFlight Central (which simu- lates airport operations from a virtual control tower, shown at upper right) will be added to allow research- ers to investigate new human performance and opera- tions techniques using a variety of simulated mis- sions, vehicles, flight anomalies, and human controller scenarios. Researchers will simulate experimental operations concepts and analyze alternate ap- proaches to system design to better understand hu- man factors and performance issues. As a result, sys- tem designers will be able to produce more effective operations concepts, information systems, and deci- sion support systems for launch, range, and flight operations. The ultimate outcome of this project could be replacement of today’s space flight procedures and systems with intelligent systems that are highly re- sponsive, safe and can accommodate high flight rates, globally-dispersed range operations, and mixed fleet operations with fewer human controllers at much lower cost.

Officially designated the Intelligent Launch and Range Operations Testbed, this facility will also provide a framework in which research and operations organiza- tions can work together to address practical problems associated with launch and range operations. Collabo- rators will explore the operational issues associated with human performance, human factors and automa- tion, human cognition and human perception in a vari- ety of simulated ground control environments. Re- search results should lead to more streamlined con- cepts of operations and easily operated information systems for future vehicles and spaceports.

NASA’s FutureFlight Central simulates ground operations at major airports around the world. The Intelli- gent Launch and Range Operations Testbed adapts this concept to space launch operations.

Flight Ground Operations Regulatory

  • ß  Integrated vehicle health management
  • ß  Thermal material tests (or- bital and suborbital)
  • ß  Radiation-resistant elec- tronics
  • ß  Laser and satellite commu- nications
  • ß  Automated landing aids
  • ß  Magnetic launch assist
  • ß  Towed launch assist
  • ß  Propulsion tec hnology

ß Real-time range surveil- lance

ß Definition of standard inter- faces

ß COTS ground stations ß Cryogenic management

ß Weather prediction/impact ß GPS tracking
ß “Smart” range
ß Spaceport network

ß Turnaround/cycle time im- provement techniques

ß Abort modes (simulation and flight test)

ß Air/space traffic control integration

ß Airport-like operations methods

ß Multi-vehicle/fleet operation ß Ground-based cockpits
ß Internet-aided operations
ß Multi-vehicle launch pads

ß Standard license application data packages

ß Development of standard benchmarks and metrics

ß Alternative Ec analysis algorithms

ß Component/subsystem certification

ß Flight test programs ß Certification regimes ß Licensing regimes
ß Reliability testing

Examples of programs and technologies suitable for demonstration at the Operations Testbed. New rocket motors Laser tracking

2 CCT Project Spotlight


Potential payoffs include new methods for decreasing workload on space and air traffic controllers, distribut- ing highly specialized launch preparation skills beyond the spaceport, and reducing the cost and labor re- quired to recycle the Space Shuttle orbiter between flights. In another example, spaceport experiments could be conducted to determine how, or if, a future launch vehicle could be prepared for flight with the same size ground crew that prepares a commercial jetliner for flight today. New technologies associated with range operations, propellant management, spaceport command and control, process engineering, and communications could also be explored at the facility.


The operations testbed will provide a facility for ex- perimenting with new ground and operational concepts in a controlled environment. Beginning with increased dialogue between researchers and operators, the facil- ity will nourish partnerships between industry, govern- ment and academia, leading to improved space flight operations and economic dividends across the indus- try. The proposed testbed would provide opportunities to reduce costs and streamline operations by explor- ing new operations concepts, range safety proc e- dures, flight planning and execution processes, and other improvements into their operations, including:

n A space flight simulation facility for experimenting with new techniques and operations concepts to improve launch, range, and mission operations.

n A focus for collaborative research involving NASA, DoD, academia, and indus-

n Influence design of future spaceport information sys- tems to enable space flight operations cost reduction and safety improvement.

For more information on the testbed concept, see

The proposed testbed architecture is based on a virtual space operations facility in which operations experiments are performed (top box) and a simulation environment (lower box) that drives the operations facility. papers/WP- OpsTestbed-120601.pdf.

Command and Control Technologies Corporation spe- cializes in launch site automation for government and commercial space programs. CCT provides turnkey solutions by integrating commercial hardware and software with custom software as required to provide tailored solutions for our customers. Visit our web site at, e-mail us at, or contact Kevin Brown at (321) 264-1193 for more information.

Today’s state-of-the-art launch tracking and display programs offer virtually no flight path predictive information. Without this information, controllers must rely on their personal knowledge and training to remain continuously alert to respond to flight anomalies. This precludes a single human controller from man- aging more than one flight at a time; a key issue to be investigated in the testbed.
Launch/Range Operator

Legacy Ops Concepts

Virtual Space Ops Facility

Future Ops Concepts



Legacy LauncThools

Legacy Tools

Range Experimental

LauncThools Experimental


Simulation Environment

Launch Systems Ground Systems Range Systems Models Models Models


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